Second, in housing construction, if the project manager cannot schedule in advance the start of activity B before activity A is actually done, and cannot schedule the start of C until B is done, and cannot schedule the start of D until C is done, then the gaps of time-lag between the end of each activity A through D and the delayed start-up of each succeeding activity would result in a house that cannot be completed on time. Whether using subcontractors or self-perform crews, the person managing the work must be able to confidently plan the start and the completion of each activity successively head-to-tail and head-to-tail, without time-lag delays in between, using intelligent foresight, if the project is to be completed and delivered on time.
A non-expert looking at the enormous diversity of life might come to the very reasonable judgment, given the degree of complexity easily perceived in the natural world, that if time-lag delays inherent in the reactive mode of individually distinct, short-sighted responses not possessing foresight…actually existed in reality…the duration of the universe to produce this diversity of life on earth would require 14 trillion years rather than the current rough estimate of 14 billion years.
Given all of the coordination required between factors within the various levels from the microscopic to the ecosystem biosphere to the planetary solar system to the cosmic dimensions of the galaxies in the universe itself, a reasonable non-expert looking at the diversity of life might assume it would take an eternity of time if using the inefficient, trial-and-error, random chance search strategy of Darwinian macroevolution, in the reactive mode.
Third, I have worked for several owners of housing construction companies who were very strong in the artistic areas of architecture and interior design, but very weak in the areas of managing people and organizing activities in the field.
The point here relating to genetic mutations randomly acted upon by natural selection…in a totally free and unmanaged system…is that not managing in business is not a liberated, human-resources enlightened, philosophically free-thinking approach to management…it is simply not managing. Even if the route to achieving the diversity of life we see in the natural world came through a reactive mode of information generation, by what appeared on the outside to be a totally unguided, random process…which I totally reject…this process would still be so complex in its formulation that it would require the foresight and guidance of intelligent design nonetheless.
The hands-off, unguided approach of non-management simply does not work for complex systems.
If the housing construction field supervisor did stand in the middle of the vacant building lot, and devised from scratch all of the required architectural, engineering, and interior design on the spot, while creatively inventing each construction trade activity in-the-moment as required…all of the mountains of information to design and build a house would simply be embodied in this one field supervisor. The required information to construct a complex thing like a house does not go away. An intelligent designer is still needed…whether in this illustrative, hypothetical reactive mode of one individual creating in-the-moment…or in the more broadly conventional, proactive mode of established “standard of the industry” bodies of information spread out over many disciplines, institutions, and groups of people working together.
The philosophy of naturalism postulates the existence of no designer present on the scene at all…the various building materials in the form of living cells and the integrated body-plans of plants, insects, fish, birds, and mammals all find a way through random chance assemblage to self-manufacture themselves into functioning life-forms.