God knows about good and evil (Gen. 3:22). An all-knowing God who knows about absolute good must also know about the absence of good…which is defined as evil.
What makes God righteous and holy is that He willingly and voluntarily chooses good over evil. Jesus Christ the Son of God…the second Person of the Trinity…going to the cross and enduring its suffering for us…demonstrates God’s commitment to absolute good. God shows us through the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus that He will sacrifice and even personally suffer so that others might experience living at the high-end of the spectrum of absolute good (Jn. 15:13). This is a demonstration and an example of absolute good in action.
Atheistic critics of the Genesis account of the fall of mankind into sin…woefully misjudge the depth of brilliance at the heart of this classic conflict recorded in the Bible about 3,400 years ago. The pinpoint accuracy of identifying that eating the forbidden fruit to obtain a knowledge of good and evil is wholly inadequate…exposes the inherent and intrinsic risk involved in knowing anything about good at all…because this requires also a reciprocal, accompanying knowledge of evil…simply defined as the absence of good in varying degrees.
God is perfectly free to choose a mix of good and evil…if it served some self-centered aim or advanced some agenda that benefitted Him alone. But God willingly chooses absolute good. 1 John 1:5 tells us that: “God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.” James 1:17 tells us that with God there is: “no variableness, neither shadow of turning.”
As recorded in the gospel of John, Jesus said: “I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me” (Jn. 14:6). God as Creator is the source of life, and through willing and voluntary choice…also the source of absolute good.
It is the vertical difference between absolute good at the top…and some lesser thing below…that creates the space or gap being described here. The knowledge of good must also have an accompanying knowledge and awareness of evil…of falling short of absolute perfect goodness. The two are inseparately linked together on the same vertical continuum line.
This is why in Genesis 3:7, after Adam and Eve have eaten the forbidden fruit, it says: “And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked”…followed up by the insightfully probing question from God…giving morally spatial context to this historically pivotal affair…“Who told thee that thou wast naked?”…or in other words: “How did you recognize or understand the difference…the gap?”
As non-divine, created beings in our current fallen state we are incapable of procuring and producing absolute good on our own. Therefore placing our faith in God…giving Him the benefit of the doubt in following Him into a God-composed journey of faith that actively moves us by degrees closer toward experiencing absolute good…being crafted and transformed by God into children of light (Eph. 5:8; 1 Thes. 5:5)…is what defines and describes biblical faith as rising to the level of being able to be accounted by God as righteousness (Gal. 3:6; Eph. 2:10).
This is what renders biblical faith commendable and skeptical unbelief damnable. Biblical-quality faith in Jesus Christ today (Mk. 8:34-35) gets the process moving in the right direction toward an understanding of absolute good…and the reciprocal of evil…that when brilliantly crafted by God Himself through a divinely composed adventure of faith…will serve us well for all eternity (Jn. 8:36). Conversely, skeptical unbelief stubbornly cuts off this beneficial process cold at the very start (Heb. 11:6).
The central tenet of Christianity is that the blood that Jesus Christ shed on the cross entirely and eternally closes the gap between our imperfect condition and absolute goodness…in the eyes of God the Father…and that the indwelling Holy Spirit enables the Christian believer to experience absolute goodness (Jn. 16:13)…all through faith placed in Jesus Christ. To my mind, this is a beautiful reality beyond reckoning.