Information, like gravity, is an important component that currently falls outside the domain of the unifying “theory of everything” being sought-after in the field of physics.
The classic example given to describe the fundamental distance between information and physical matter is the analogy to the front page of any major daily newspaper. The physics and chemistry of ink bonding to paper does not explain…because it cannot explain from the realm of the physical sciences…the careful arrangement of the ink to produce intelligible information expressed, in the case of the New York Times, in the English language. The ink does not arrange itself into intelligible English letters conveying information. Human intelligent design is the causation of this meaningful information.
The information given on the front page of the newspaper can therefore be said to transcend above the basic physics and chemistry explanation at the mechanical level of ink bonding to paper.
Similarly, the complex and highly specified information given in human designed computer software programs transcends above, and cannot be reduced down to or explained by, the basic mechanics of the ones and zeroes of computer binary language code as the cause for its intelligently designed function.
This same quality of coherently integrated, highly specified information can now be seen, studied, and analyzed…in terms of its source of origin and its relationship to genetic DNA…in the body-plan lifestyle habits of hundreds of billions of distinct plants, trees, bacteria, fungi, insects, fish, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals in the living world.